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外匯投資實戰教學

DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势

Payments

DeFi payments apps, protocols and solutions focused on creating an open finance ecosystem that caters to the needs of institutions, as well as the underbanked and unbanked populations.

Celer Network

Celer Network is a layer-2 scaling platform that enables fast and secure off-chain transactions for not DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 only payment transactions, but also generalized off-chain smart contract.

Connext

Connext enables users to batch many Ethereum transactions into one netted transfer by using signed off-blockchain commitments rather than direct on-blockchain transactions.

Lightning Network

Lightning Network is a decentralized network using smart contract functionality in the blockchain to enable instant payments across a network of participants.

Matic

Matic Network is a blockchain scalability platform which provides secure, scalable and instant transactions powered DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 by PoS side chains and an adapted version of Plasma. Interview DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 with Sandeep Nailwal.

OmiseGO

OmiseGO Plasma architecture enables developers to build a L2 Applications with high throughputs and strong safety guarantees.

Request

Request is a decentralized DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 network built on top of Ethereum, which allows anyone, anywhere to request, validate and execute payments. How Request Enabling Blockchain-based Invoices? Interview with DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 Request co-founder Christophe Lassuyt.

Sablier

Sablier is the protocol for real-time finance on Ethereum, that enables continuous, autonomous and trustless payroll. Interview with Paul Berg, inventor of the Sablier protocol.

StablePay

StablePay enables ERC20 tokens payments converted to DAI and cDAI. StablePay: DeFi native payment system, interview with Doug Molina.

Superfluid

Superfluid is a novel crypto asset streaming protocol that DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 enables transformative web3 money experiences like salary and subscription streaming, real-time investing, and more – all on-chain

zkSync

zkSync is a trustless protocol for scalable low-cost payments on Ethereum, powered by zkRollup technology.

xDai Stable Chain

xDai Chain provide users with fast transactions and low gas prices. xDai Stable Chain is Ethereum compatible, so data and assets can be transferred to the Ethereum providing backend safety and opportunities to scale. Interview with Igor Barinov, founder of POA Network.

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Translation of défi – French-English dictionary

Translation of défi | PASSWORD French-English Dictionary

(Translation of défi from DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 the PASSWORD French-English Dictionary © 2014 K Dictionaries Ltd)

Examples of défi

We are facing an enormous challenge to the future of life itself and the dangers inherent in that leave no room for omissions, DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 negligence and compromise.

Nous nous trouvons en face d'un immense défi pour l'avenir même de la vie et les risques qui DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 se profilent ne permettent ni négligences, ni carences ou concessions.

We DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 are facing an enormous challenge to the future of life itself and DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 the dangers inherent in that leave no room for omissions, negligence and DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 compromise.

It is a positive development in which there is the great challenge of ensuring that environmental aid does not just become a kind of window-dressing, protecting traditional monetary flows.

Le grand défi à relever, et c'est une évolution positive, consiste à s'assurer que l'aide à l'environnement ne devienne pas un simple paravent dissimulant le traditionnel flot de dépenses.

It is a positive development in which there is the great challenge of ensuring that environmental aid does not just become a kind of window-dressing, protecting traditional monetary flows.

On the contrary, we must show that we are equal to DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 the challenge of biotechnology and that we dare to make a start on it through appropriate legislation.

Au contraire, nous devons démontrer que nous sommes en mesure de relever le défi de la biotechnologie et d'en faire usage avec la législation adaptée.

On the contrary, we must show that we are equal to the challenge of biotechnology DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 and that we dare to make a start on it through appropriate legislation.

These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors.

DeFi:2020区块链第一把交椅!

随着更多传统著名的风投基金,如Andreessen Horowitz 等的进场,受风投圈的追捧,那些专注于消除金融服务中中介的项目,便有了新的统称和归属体系,DeFi。此后,DeFi创新者试图将传统金融产品移至区块链,便形成以资产管理、预测市场、交易市场为主的 Defi 生态。但此时,将货币的发行和存储分散化,只是提供了点对点结算的解决方案,还不足以支撑丰富的金融业务。于是,去中心化借贷协议,将 DeFi 带入进一步开放区块链世界的金融系统中。

2019年,“DeFi金融贷款之年”

随着市场热点发生剧烈的转变,DeFi在商品服务的分类上也更加多元化,其中以 Synthetix、 Uniswap 及 Set Protocol 分别在衍生品交易市场、去中心化交易所及资产交易上受到瞩目。2019下半年,合成资产兴起,合约及大宗商品、股票、指数等其它金融衍生品逐渐入驻去中心化交易所。

2020年,“DeFi试验创新之年”

03独特

DeFi的特性与变革

因此,DeFi的基础组件包括稳定币、智能合约、金融协议、去中心化应用程序(DAPP)等,这些组件又是底层开放金融的底层基础设施。有了这些基础设施铺设,加上各个协议之间通过可组合性、安全性、隐私性、透明性,建立起了极强的协议网络互联,比如COMP的挖矿,导致稳定币互换、借贷套利、DEX等的流动性和量都创了历史新高,这就为整个区块链发展提供了新方向。

DeFi的核心优势和特性,并不在于去中心化本身,在于无需许可、抗审查和可组合性。

具体来说,DeFi 系统中:

DeFi的各类新特性开创出一个开源金融科技平台,带来诸多变革。

最重要三大重要变革:

总的来说,去中心化金融的目标不是去中心化本身,而是更加自由、开放和公平,是实现普惠金融的最佳途径。

04项目

DeFi点燃牛市的四把火

第一个尝试DeFi的项目又是什么?其实是由Daniel Larimer(BM),Charles Hoskinson等人创建的Bitshares(中文名比特股BTS)。但理想丰满现实骨感,BTS的探索最终流产。后来,MakerDAO 的出现,才真正把DeFi推向了世界。

第一把火(资产类):MakerDao,被普遍认为「启动了 DeFi 运动的项目」。

MakerDAO 于2017年12月上线,是以太坊上的“去中心化银行”,其发行了稳定币DAI和管理型代币 MKR。其中,DAI作为整个DeFi生态系统的基石,运用了自动化超额抵押+目标利率的反馈机制,一度引领众多项目锁定在DeFi上的价值增长,是以太坊上规模最大和最久经考验的稳定币抵押解决方案。

第二把火(借贷类):Compound,被称之为「进入DeFi领域的窗口」。

第三把火(交易所类):DEX,去中心化交易所,无疑是「带动DeFi发展的基石」。

第四把火(合成资产类):Synthetix, 曾作为「DeFi市场最耀眼的新星」。

2019年,崭露头角的合成资产平台 Synthetix, 不仅能够自行合成数位资产,也能通过虚拟货币购买法币、大宗商品、股票、指数等金融衍生品,其发行的代币 SNX DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 仅仅半年内飙涨近 800%, 2019 年 SNX 累计上涨 2872%。

05应用

DeFi创造区块链新世界

1)丰富的各类应用场景

目前DeFi 的应用场景已经非常丰富,包含资产管理、借贷、稳定币、DEX、基础设施、预言机、分析工具、金融衍生品等各个领域。其中,借贷占据主要地位,然后是去中心化交易,以及衍生品交易。借贷主要以Maker、Compound、Aave等为主,而去中心化交易方面,以Bancor 、Kyber、Uniswap、Oasis为主,衍生品方面以Synthetix为主。

2)可组合的开放金融服务

DeFi的应用其实已经形成了和传统金融世界一样的交易组合。除了以太坊之外,还有更多更好的新底层。加之,整个 DeFi 平台开放性很高,它有不同的合约在链上,合约和合约之间还能产生一个个交互。环环相扣的DeFi协议为开放金融服务提供了像乐高积木一样的可组合性——DeFi乐高。这就能创造出无数新赛道、新金融、新可能,打开了大众对区块链未来畅想的新大门!

06风险

DeFi的危机与困局

目前DeFi的阻力最大的主要是两个:用户链上资产的易操作性,以及智能合约的安全性。一方面,目前用户对链上资产认知较低,需要资产方和DeFi提供简易的操作流程和用户教育,才能尽快了解DeFi资产是如何操作的。另一方面,智能合约的安全可信,仍然是DeFi的达摩克利斯之剑,随时都可能产生系统性风险。

07前景

DeFi重构世界金融

根据DeFi Pulse的数据,目前整个DeFi生态抵押的资产已超过了10亿美金,这一数据还在源源不断地提升。尽管目前DeFi依然处于商业模式的探索而非技术效率的提升阶段,相关金融模式和技术方案也还没有经历更复杂的市场环境考验,但显然DeFi 理财、资管、衍生品等各类新模式已经成为新的市场增长驱动引擎,创新正在使DeFi成为现实世界的用例。

DeFi有潜力开创生产力的新时代。随着DeFi的日渐成熟与区块链技术的迭代,DeFi将扮演更多、更重要的角色;随着越来越多的人都加入进来,它在人类历史上第一次将人们连接到复杂的金融设施和资本中,带来行业格局的重新分配,甚至主导未来“代码世界”的金融体系也未可知。

DeFi 世界的人们希望重新构建金融服务业的雄心壮志,既是狂妄之梦,也是天才之想。传统金融就是地球,DeFi 更像是在另一个平行宇宙里的潘多拉星球,所做的不是简单的提升金融效率,而是重新想象金钱, 重新构造金融。

Translation of défi – French-English dictionary

Translation of défi | PASSWORD French-English Dictionary

(Translation of défi from the PASSWORD French-English Dictionary © 2014 K Dictionaries Ltd)

Examples of défi

We are facing an enormous challenge to the future of life itself and the dangers inherent in that leave no room for omissions, negligence and compromise.

Nous nous trouvons en face d'un immense défi pour l'avenir même de la vie et les risques qui se profilent ne permettent ni négligences, ni carences ou concessions.

We are facing an enormous challenge to the future of life itself and the dangers inherent in that leave no room for omissions, negligence and compromise.

It is a positive development in which there is the DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 great challenge of ensuring that environmental aid does not just become a DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 kind of window-dressing, protecting traditional monetary flows.

Le grand défi à relever, et c'est une évolution positive, consiste à s'assurer que l'aide à l'environnement ne devienne pas un simple paravent dissimulant le traditionnel flot de dépenses.

It is a positive development in which there is the great challenge of ensuring that environmental aid does not just become a kind of window-dressing, protecting traditional monetary flows.

On the contrary, we must show that we are equal to the challenge of biotechnology and that we dare to make a start on it through appropriate legislation.

Au contraire, nous devons démontrer que nous DEFI期权交易平台的发展态势 sommes en mesure de relever le défi de la biotechnologie et d'en faire usage avec la législation adaptée.

On the contrary, we must show that we are equal to the challenge of biotechnology and that we dare to make a start on it through appropriate legislation.

These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors.