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如何学习盈透 api 的开发?

2016-9-4: 挖坑
2016-10-03 19:01:更新问答
2016-10-03 20:39:让更多人看到,修改了下问题的话题范围,希望题主不介意
2016-10-10 12:36:上知乎推荐了,补充一些代码相关的内容

为啥IB API这么火?
这段纯属个人的一些瞎BB,没兴趣的可以跳过,2008年刚进大学的时候就听说过了Interactive Brokers的大名(当时对量化还是一窍不通),和曾经一度热火但是现在几乎已经淡出主流量化圈的MT4平台不同,IB API的用户数量和相关的项目数量都是有增无减:

Matlab Trading Toolbox:Mathworks官方提供的量化交易工具

究其原因,IB API能成为许多量化平台的首选对接通道,不外乎一个原因:Created by traders, for traders。 公司创始人Thomas Peterffy的传奇背景就不多介绍了,关键在于IB背后的高频交易公司TimberHill,有这么一家市场上顶尖的玩家在为公司经纪相关的业务提供建议和各种技术支持,IB才可能同时给客户提供:

  • 高盛之类的投行太过高大上,不够亲民
  • E*Trade之类的零售经纪商,费用较贵的同时,交易软件的功能还十分有限
  • FXCM之类的外汇公司,经常留点头寸不对冲跟客户对赌,点差还特别高

背景介绍
时隔一个月终于有时间来填坑了。

问题1的答案: API是由Interactive Brokers为了量化交易推出的一套交易接口,结合IB广泛的市场覆盖,使用IB API的用户可以轻松实现全球市场的量化交易,也是世界上应用最广泛的量化交易接口之一(或许这里都没必要说“之一”)

vn.注册嘉盛MT4模拟账户 ib选择基于IB官方推出的最新9.72 C++ API来开发,和vn.py框架中的其他接口一样使用boost.python封装的形式,以提供更好的稳定性和远胜IbPy的性能。在开发过程中掉坑无数,花了大约两周的时间才勉强把程序给跑通起来,所以大家如果在具体开发过程中遇到什么问题欢迎提问,大概率我之前也遇到过了。

IB API的特点
尽管都交交易接口,但是IB API和国内常见的接口(CTP类,恒生等)有着诸多不同,先来介绍几个比较关键的点:

  1. IB API提供了所有的底层源代码,用户在使用时需要自行编译底层API接口部分的组件,提供了一定灵活性的同时,也导致项目开发过程中容易遇到额外的编译问题
  2. 注册嘉盛MT4模拟账户 注册嘉盛MT4模拟账户
  3. IB API内建了一个比较大的内存缓冲区,回调函数即使阻塞一段时间也基本不会导致API崩溃,所以CTP类API开发时常用的一个回调函数推送的数据必须先进缓冲队列的设计模式就没有必要了,可以把一些可能耗时较长的逻辑直接写在回调函数中(出于程序代码架构的原因仍然不建议这么做,不过对于API封装来说省了很大的力气)
  4. 最大的坑:IB API里回调函数(负责向用户的程序中推送数据)的工作线程需要用户自行创建和管理(国内几乎所有的API都是内部实现的),提供了极大的灵活性(比如用户可以使用类似协程的模式轻松实现一个线程同时管理8个API连接的推送),但是由于官方文档和Demo的缺失导致用户一上来几乎不知道怎么去写这个线程!!!只能靠一步步试错的方式折腾,无比浪费时间。

使用IB API的开发流程(问题2的答案)

  1. 从这里http://interactivebrokers.github.io下载最新的IB API,选择9.72 beta(比起9.71有了很大的改进,比如取消了Win32 C++ 接口,统一提供POSIX标准的C++接口)
  2. 安装后,进入TWS API文件夹下的source/CppClient, 把ssl lib client三个文件夹统一复制到你自己项目的文件夹中
  3. 把client文件夹下的.h和.cpp文件添加到你自己的Visual Studio项目中
  4. 在C++项目配置中的Preprocessor中添加_CRT_SECURE_NO_DEPRECATE和_WINSOCK_DEPRECATED_NO_WARNINGS,否则编译时会触发警告
  5. 在项目的General配置中,把Character Set设置为Use Multi-Byte Character Set,这里有可能报错,或者编译时报这个Character Set错误,提示用户需要安装一个补丁包,去Microsoft官网搜索后下载安装就行
  6. 后面就可以写自己程序的代码了,如果你不幸遇到各种问题,欢迎在评论里提问.

IB API的结构简介(问题3的答案)
据我所知目前市面上是没有关于IB API的开发书籍的,最好的参考资料就是官方的Reference Guide:TWS API v9.72: Trader Workstation API

  • EWrapper:类似CTP中的SPI类,提供回调函数
  • EClientSocket:类似CTP中的API类,提供主动函数
  • EReaderOSSignal:一个信号量,回调函数管理线程需要监听该信号量,当socket收到数据后该信号量会被触发
  • EReader:当上面的信号量被触发后,用户需要调用EReader中的处理信息函数,来触发EWrapper中对应的回调函数

class IbWrapper : public EWrapper
private:
VnIbApi *api;

public:
IbWrapper(VnIbApi *api)
this->api = api;
>;

void tickPrice(TickerId tickerId, TickType field, double price, int canAutoExecute);

class VnIbApi
private:
//EClientSocket *client;
IbWrapper *wrapper;
EReaderOSSignal signal;
EReader *reader;

public:
EClientSocket *client;

VnIbApi()
this->signal = EReaderOSSignal();
this->wrapper = new IbWrapper(this);
this->client = new EClientSocket(this->wrapper, &this->signal);
>;

bool VnIbApi::eConnect(string host, int port, int clientId, bool extraAuth)
bool r = this->client->eConnect(host.c_str(), port, clientId, extraAuth);

if (r)
//启动EReader从socket读取信息
this->reader = new EReader(this->client, &this->signal);
this->reader->start();

void IbWrapper::nextValidId(OrderId orderId)
PyLock lock;
this->api->nextValidId(orderId);
>;

如何购买花旗集团股票、预测和股息指南

CNS

花旗集团的财务预测

花旗集团技术预测

花旗集团股票分析师评级

在哪里可以购买花旗集团股票?

ZFX—世界一流的MT4经纪商

  • 1-在ZFX注册
  • 2-验证您的ZFX账户
  • 3-进行首笔入金
  • 4-购买花旗集团股票

1 – 在ZFX注册

星巴克股价

2 – 进行首次入金

如何购买花旗集团股票 | ZFX Zeal Capital Market山海证券

3 – 账户验证

如何购买花旗集团股票 | ZFX Zeal Capital Market山海证券

4 – 购买花旗集团股票

结论:你应该购买花旗集团的股票吗?

CNS 星巴克股价

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